A common treatment for men with early stage prostate cancer is Cryosurgery. Cryosurgery for prostate cancer is not recommended for men with oversized prostates; a board certified urologist will inform the patient on whether or not they may have an enlarged prostate gland. Cryosurgery is also known as cryotherapy.

Cryosurgery for prostate cancer is a minimally invasive procedure, but could require supervision and a stay in the hospital.  There are many possible side effects, but innovations in the procedure have reduced those side effects. A risk of this type of treatment is ED and some men may still experience erectile dysfunction after the procedure. The side effects are often the cause of prior treatment; talk to a doctor about any previous treatments to determine if you are at risk. Cryosurgery for prostate cancer usually sees the patient leave the hospital the same day as the procedure.

Cryosurgery for prostate cancer consists of a doctor placing needles into the prostate using transrectal ultrasound for guidance. Anesthesia is required for cryotherapy and the doctor then uses cooled gases to destroy the prostate. To avoid damage to nearby tissues the doctor will watch the images from the ultrasound carefully. The urethra is kept from freezing by circulating warm salt water through it into a catheter.

The catheter could be kept in place for up to three weeks while you heal. Some men may require a stay in the hospital after the procedure, but many men return home the same day of the procedure. There will be bruising and swelling after the surgery and it is not uncommon for men to have blood in their urine and soreness after the procedure. If the freezing agents damage the bladder or intestines you may feel a burning sensation.  An accompanying urge to empty your bladder or bowel could accompany the burning sensation. However, these sensations will abate and return to normal over time while the body heals.

Men who undergo Cryosurgery for prostate cancer as the first form of treatment generally do not experience side effects as extreme as men who have prior treatments, such as radiation. Erectile dysfunction is more common in men who have undergone radiation treatments first. In addition, men who have undergone radiation therapy first are more likely to experience urinary incontinence.

In men who undergo Cryosurgery as a first treatment urinary incontinence is rare. In one percent of men after Cryosurgery for prostate cancer a fistula can develop between the rectum and bladder. This is a rare but serious problem, following up with a trained urologist is important to watch for serious side effects.