Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) for Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are a fairly common occurrence and affect hundreds of thousands of people every year. They are made of salts and other minerals found in the urine that bind together and form small pebble-like debris. They have been found as small as grains of sand or big as golf balls. They can either stay in your kidneys or travel out of your body through the urinary tract. When a stone travels through the small tube that delivers urine out of the body, known as the ureter; it may cause no pain or it can be among the most painful experience.

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Microwave Treatment of the Prostate

Transurethral Microwave Therapy for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlargement of the prostate that occurs in nearly one-hundred percent of men as they age. Some primary problematic symptoms reported by men experiencing BPH include difficulty urinating or a need to get up many times during the night to urinate, a frequent urge to urinate, or a sense that the bladder is not completely empty after urination. The need for treatment is largely dictated by how bothersome the symptoms become and usually can be treated with prescription medication. While BPH is a non-cancerous condition, these symptoms should be evaluated by an urologist to ascertain that they are not actually caused by prostate cancer.

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Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

Removal of Kidney Stones with Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy or Nephrolithotripsy

Urologists are faced with removing a large variety of kidney stones. In many cases, these salt and mineral deposits harmlessly pass through the urinary tract and out of the body with no discernible symptoms. Because each patient is different, medical science has devised manifold treatment options for these deposits that may turn in to actual stones. In addition to shock wave therapy, other surgical treatments do exist. One such procedure is known as percutaneous nephrolithotomy or simply nephrolithotripsy.
In these types of procedures, the surgeon makes a small incision on the patient’s back to remove the kidney stones. A hollow tube is then inserted into the renal organ so a probe can pass through the tube. The surgeon is now in a position to break up the stones into smaller pieces and removes those fragments through the tube.

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Urodynamic

Urodynamic Tests for Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is a cause of embarrassment for both men and women and present serious social and psychological problems. Incontinence caused by stress and an overactive bladder are the primary causes of this type of problem. Stress incontinence, which is more common in women, causes urine to leak during laughing or coughing. Overactive bladder, also called urge incontinence, is caused by muscle spasms leading to urgent feeling to urinate. The condition can also be caused by a myriad of other reasons such as multiple pregnancies, an overweight condition, and genetic predisposition.

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Female Cystocele Repairs

When diagnosing certain urological problems, a physician may use a Cystoscopy. This is a specific diagnostic tool that allows a view inside the bladder and the urethra using a medical instrument known as a cystoscope. This instrument is inserted into the urethra and carefully advanced into the bladder in order to examine areas of the urological system that remain hidden even on X-Rays. During the procedure, surgical instruments can also be inserted that will allow the doctor to remove samples of tissue for biopsy as well as other biological samples. In addition, small bladder stones and other small growths can be removed which may eliminate the need for more extensive surgery.

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Ureteroscopy & Laser Lithotripsy

Failures and obstructions of the renal systems affect people of all ages and are of primary concern for surgical urologists. When a patient presents with symptoms that indicate a problem with the kidneys or other components of the system, the first thing a doctor will perform is a battery of diagnostics. There are many tools that modern medicine has at its disposal to diagnose impending failures and obstructions. One of these tools is known as an ureteroscopy.

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Cryosurgery for Kidney Cancer

Cryosurgery when used to correct conditions associated with kidney cancer is generally a minimally invasive procedure. Also known as Cryotherapy or Cryoablation the procedure for kidney cancer is one possible treatment and a board certified urologist will determine what treatment option may be appropriate. While removal of the kidney is the traditional treatment, Cryosurgery is quickly gaining favor because of the minimally invasive nature of the procedure. Because the kidney is not being cut there is less of a risk for serious bleeding.

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Cryosurgery For Prostate Cancer

A common treatment for men with early stage prostate cancer is Cryosurgery. Cryosurgery for prostate cancer is not recommended for men with oversized prostates; a board certified urologist will inform the patient on whether or not they may have an enlarged prostate gland. Cryosurgery is also known as cryotherapy.

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Circumcision

Circumcision is a popular procedure and involves the surgical removal of the tissue covering the head of the penis, known as the foreskin. It is an ancient practice and in modern society many parents choose to have their sons circumcised for religious or for other reasons.

While different religious rites prescribe specific methods, most circumcisions are usually performed by an obstetrician or pediatrician within 48 hours of birth. In addition to religious reasons, there are important medical benefits to the procedure.

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Cystoscopy

When diagnosing certain urological problems, a physician may use a Cystoscopy. This is a specific diagnostic tool that allows a view inside the bladder and the urethra using a medical instrument known as a cystoscope. This instrument is inserted into the urethra and carefully advanced into the bladder in order to examine areas of the urological system that remain hidden even on X-Rays. During the procedure, surgical instruments can also be inserted that will allow the doctor to remove samples of tissue for biopsy as well as other biological samples. In addition, small bladder stones and other small growths can be removed which may eliminate the need for more extensive surgery.

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High Intensity Focused Ultrasound

Cancer has remained a major public health problem for both men and women in the United States with prostate cancer being the second most diagnosed disease second only to cancer of the lungs. In fact, 25% of deaths in the United States are caused by some type of cancer. On the horizon, highly effective and innovative treatment modalities are currently being explored by oncologists and urologists alike. The fight against cancer still rages on the front lines in hospitals, clinics, and research centers worldwide and the survivor rates are increasing.

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